Cocktail Times.com

  ORIGINALS

  VODKA

  GIN

  RUM & CACHAÇA

  TEQUILA

  BRANDY

  WHISKEY

  COOKING
  INGREDIENTS

  PARTY PLANNER

  GLASSWARE

  BARWARE

  DICTIONARY


  HISTORY

  ABOUT ALCOHOL
Distillery Journey

Making Kentucky Bourbon Whiskey: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

Ingredients

Early settlers began to produce whiskey in Kentucky mainly because of the rich natural resources; iron-free limestone water, oak trees to make barrels from, grains and the perfect temperature for the maturation.

Bourbon making begins with selecting and inspection of the ingredients. Distillers take serious consideration in inspecting their ingredients. Some ingredients are produced in the local areas, and some are imported from outside Kentucky.

According to the United States Federal Law, Bourbon must be distilled from a mash at least 51 percent of corn, at between 80 to 160 proof.Bourbon's sweetness and softness come from corn.

Besides corn, Bourbon distillers use rye, wheat and malted barley. Mixture is usually a minimum of 51 percent corn and 'small grains' of rye and malted barley. Maker's Mark and W.L. Weller, however use wheat instead of rye. When a whiskey contains more than 80 percent corn, it becomes corn whiskey. If a whiskey contains more than 51 percent rye, it is called Rye whiskey. Wild Turkey uses high percentage of rye.

After the ingredients inspecation, grains that are separated from corn are ground into a roughish flour. Then corn is cooked in the water to release its starches and then cooled. Next small grains like rye and wheat is added. Wheat is cooked at a lower temperature for aroma. The mixture is then cooled right before the malted barley is added.

Bourbon Distillers
Wild Turkey --- Jimmy Russell (Master Distiller)
Maker's Mark --- Bill Samuels Jr. (President), David Pickerell (Master Distiller)
Four Roses --- Jim Rutledge (Master Distiller)
Jim Beam --- Booker Noe (Master Distiller)
Buffalo Trace --- Elmer T. Lee (Master Distiller)
Bulleit Bourbon --- Thomas Bulleit (Master Distiller)
Old Rip Vin Winkle--- Julian Van Winkle (Independent Bottler)

Next: Mash/Fermentation

Making Kentucky Bourbon Whiskey: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

Advertisement

SUBSCRIBE TO COCKTAIL TIMES RSS» | FREE VIP MEMBERSHIP » | About distilled spirits »
1998-2006 Cocktail Times
All Rights Reserved
About us
Advertise on Cocktail Times
Privacy Policy

Sip responsibly